Interior design involves the selection of interior design elements and the arrangement of them within a spatial enclosure to satisfy certain functional and aesthetic needs and wishes. This arrangement of elements in a space includes the act of making patterns. No one single part or element in a space stands alone. In a design pattern, all of the parts, elements or pieces depend on one another for their visual impact, function and meaning.
Mansell & Partners are concerned here with the visual relationships established among the interior design elements in a space. The following design principles are not intended to be hard and fast rules, but rather guidelines to the possible ways design elements can be arranged into recognizable patterns. Ultimately, we must learn to judge the appropriateness of a pattern, its visual role in a space, and its meaning to the users of the space. These principles, however, can help develop and maintain a sense of visual order among the design elements of a space while accommodating their intended use and function.